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firefighter competitions in Spain requirements tests and advice

The Firefighter Exams in Spain: Requirements, Tests and Advices

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If you are interested in becoming a firefighter in Spain, the competitive examinations are presented as the way to achieve it. It is a rigorous and demanding selective process, but with adequate preparation and determination, it is possible to achieve that objective.

In this article, we will explore in detail the firefighter competitions in Spain, including requirements, tests and tips to help you prepare effectively.

Necessary requirements for firefighter competitions

Before starting to prepare for the firefighter competitions, it is essential to know the necessary requirements to be able to apply. These requirements vary slightly from one autonomous community to another, but in general, candidates must meet the following points:


Be a Spanish citizen or a citizen of a member country of the European Union.


Be between 18 and 40 years old (in some autonomous communities the limit can be up to 45 years).


Possess the title of Graduate in Compulsory Secondary Education (ESO) or equivalent.


Have a B driving license (in some competitions a C license is required).


There is usually no minimum height, but in some autonomous communities a minimum height is established to access the opposition.

In addition to these basic requirements, it is important to mention that applicants must be in good physical and mental health, and not have been convicted of criminal offenses.

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Firefighter opposition tests

Once the requirements have been met, firefighter candidates must face a series of tests that will evaluate their knowledge, skills and abilities. Below, we detail the most common tests in firefighter competitions:

Theoretical knowledge test:

It consists of taking a written exam with questions related to the specific syllabus established by each autonomous community. Topics usually include first aid, emergency regulations, fires, rescue and prevention, among others.

Physical evidence:

It is one of the most important and demanding tests. Different physical abilities such as resistance, strength and agility are evaluated. Common tests include: endurance race, obstacle course, rope climbing, swimming test, and carrying and carrying weights.

Psychotechnical test:

This test evaluates the cognitive and psychological abilities of the candidates. It may include exercises in logical reasoning, memory, attention and spatial ability, among others.

Language test:

In some autonomous communities, knowledge of a language, mainly English, is required.

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Tips for preparing for firefighter exams

Preparation for firefighter competitions requires time, dedication and discipline. Here are some tips to help you prepare effectively:

Know the syllabus:

Obtain the specific syllabus established by your autonomous community and study in an organized manner. Divide the syllabus into topics and establish a flexible but constant study plan.

Train regularly:

The physical part is essential in the opposition. Perform specific exercises to improve resistance, agility and strength. It is also advisable to perform simulations of the physical tests to familiarize yourself with the format and improve your times.

Prepare the psychotechnicians:

Spend time practicing psychotechnical exercises and familiarize yourself with the different types of questions. Look for preparation material and perform drills to improve your mental agility and your results.

Search for additional information:

Attend specific talks, courses or workshops to prepare for firefighter competitions. These resources can provide you with additional information, study techniques, and advice from professionals.

Simulate the tests:

To get used to the format of the tests, carry out simulations in conditions similar to those of the opposition. This will help you reduce anxiety and improve your performance when the day of the real test arrives.

Maintain motivation and consistency:

Preparation for firefighter competitions can be long and demanding. Keep motivation high by remembering your goal and maintain a constant and balanced study routine.

Take care of your health:

A good physical and mental condition is essential to successfully face the exams. Get adequate sleep, maintain a balanced diet and look for moments of rest to relax and recharge your batteries.

Firefighter exams in Spain are a demanding but rewarding selective process. With proper preparation and determination, it is possible to fulfill the dream of becoming a firefighter. Remember to comply with the established requirements, know and study the syllabus, and prepare yourself comprehensively to face the physical, theoretical and psychotechnical tests. With motivation, perseverance and effort, you will be closer to achieving your goal and being part of the noble and brave fire department in Spain. If you decide to apply, good luck!

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